Diabetes is a chronic medical condition that affects how your body regulates blood sugar (glucose). There are two main types of diabetes:
1. Type 1 Diabetes: This is an autoimmune disease in which the immune system attacks and destroys insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. People with type 1 diabetes must take insulin injections or use an insulin pump to manage their blood sugar levels.
2. Type 2 Diabetes: This is the most common form of diabetes and is often linked to lifestyle factors such as obesity and lack of physical activity. In type 2 diabetes, the body becomes resistant to the effects of insulin, and the pancreas can’t produce enough insulin to maintain normal blood sugar levels. Treatment may involve medication, lifestyle changes, and, in some cases, insulin.
Common symptoms of diabetes include excessive thirst, frequent urination, fatigue, and unexplained weight loss. Long-term uncontrolled diabetes can lead to serious health complications, such as heart disease, kidney disease, nerve damage, and vision problems.
Managing diabetes involves monitoring blood sugar levels, adopting a balanced diet, engaging in regular physical activity, and, if necessary, taking medication or insulin. It’s important to work closely with a healthcare team to create a personalized diabetes management plan to prevent complications and lead a healthy life.